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Hemorrhoids Facts & Info: What Are Hemorrhoids?

Hemorrhoids Facts & Info: What Are Hemorrhoids?

by | Hemorrhoids

Hemorrhoids (sometimes called ‘piles’) are small lumps of tissue composed of blood vessels, muscle, and elastic fibers. 

Hemorrhoids: What are they?

Hemorrhoids are masses or clumps of tissue within the anal canal that are made up off blood vessels and supporting tissue, which is made up of muscle and elastic fibers. The anal canal is the last four centimeters that stool passes from the rectum. Even though people assume that hemorrhoids are abnormal, everyone has them.

It is only when they become enlarged are they considered abnormal or a disease. Only about four percent of the public experience problems with hemorrhoids. They are found equally in men and woman and usually occur when a person is between 45-65 years old.

Hemorrhoids FACTS

Hemorrhoids are always present in the anal canal, just past the anus. It is only when they become inflamed and enlarged that they cause problems. Hemorrhoids are not choosy when they pick their victims. Men and women are equally affected, though those between the ages of 40 and 60 seem to have a higher rate of hemorrhoids, as well as pregnant women.

Hemorrhoids are not inherently dangerous unless they bleed continually. Their location means that they are fed by arterial blood, so those who have a hard time clotting or have a lowered immune system may consider hemorrhoids a more serious problems than others. Caused by poor diet and straining to pass bowel movements when constipated, hemorrhoids are easier to prevent than they are to treat.

Hemorrhoids: are also known as piles

Hemorrhoids are also known as Piles. They are found in the blood vessels close to the rectum and anus. The presence of hemorrhoids indicates that blood vessels in those areas have been stretched due to pressure. In this sense, they are similar to varicose veins found in the legs. Hemorrhoids can be caused by added strain on the blood vessels related to bowel movements.

where Hemorrhoids are found

Hemorrhoids are normally found in two areas. They are found in the skin area of the rectum, and in being located here are known as internal hemorrhoids. Hemorrhoids found in the skin next to the anus are known as external hemorrhoids. Similar conditions that may exist in different areas may be a sign of digestive disease and should be seen by a doctor.

Hemorrhoids are typically diagnosed by bleeding in the areas of the rectum and anus. This bleeding is caused by pressure from blood vessels. Other symptoms may also help in diagnosing hemorrhoids. 


Inconsistent bowel movements, pain, itching, and severe discomfort in the region are all typical of the existence of hemorrhoids. It is recommended that your symptoms be checked by a doctor. It should also be pointed out that bleeding may also be a result of other digestive diseases.


Hemorrhoids may occur for several reasons. Pregnant women may develop them due to quick changes in weight. Hemorrhoids are common among those who are constipated or have difficult bowel movements that cause pressure. Pressure in this area for prolonged periods can directly cause hemorrhoids.

Once you have had hemorrhoids, you will likely have them again, though symptoms typically clear up and disappear on their own. More serious hemorrhoids will need medication and possibly surgery depending on the conditions associated with them. Over the counter medications may help to alleviate symptoms that are not severe as a temporary measure until medical treatment can be given. It is important to know what hemorrhoids are, how they occur, and how treatment can help you.


It is unknown what truly causes hemorrhoids to enlarge, but there are many theories. The high intake of fiber could be one. It is theories that they are caused from sitting too long on the toilet or having chronic constipation. The only clear theory is pregnancy. It is not clear why, but it is common in pregnant woman.

  • Tumors that are in the pelvis area can cause the enlargement because they press on the veins. 
  • Another theory is from the force of hard stool. The passing through the canal, it can drag the hemorrhoid cushions downward. Sometimes with age, the hemorrhoid tissue begins to deteriorate and slides down the anal canal.
  • Some of the symptoms of hemorrhoids are when you get pains in your lower abdomen or when you feel pressure near the intestines. When the hemorrhoid continues to enlarge, it will pull down a portion of the rectum lining and protrude from the anus. This is called relapsing internal hemorrhoid. You may also find blood in stool. This is a sign of hemorrhoids. You may also experience anal itchiness, but this is less common. Sometimes mucus secretes from the rectal lining, it will cause the area to be constantly moist, and that will cause itching. 


Prevention is as simple as eating right. Leafy green vegetables, beets, apples, whole grains and other foods high in fiber are a great start. Fiber is the greatest defense against constipation. Herbal supplements like psyllium seed help as well, if your diet is poor. Start with small doses, though, and work your way up. Adding prune juice to your diet is helpful as well. Drinking plenty of liquids that are non-caffeinated will also help constipation fade quickly if hemorrhoids do appear, keeping the inflammation to a minimum. Simple things like keeping the area clean and wiping gently with non-perfumed, non-colored toilet paper will help the hemorrhoids heal more quickly.

Understanding the seriousness of the problem and the consequences on you health and well being will help you in seeking the appropriate treatment. Hemorrhoids are very common and can easily be diagnosed and treated. The proper treatment can help you return to a normal lifestyle and take control of this problem.

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